KWAME NKRUMA NEVER DIES

01 Apr 2022
54 times
 
An African Legend that built all, but did not build even a House for Himself!
Kwame Nkrumah ruled Ghana for 9 years: from 1957 to 1966, under this period he built at least an industry in every region of Ghana,
He built several newly Industrial cities across Ghana including the Famous Tema and Akosombo industrial cities. These industrial cities housed several industries and production centres which produced nearly all commodity needs of the economy while employing the citizens.
He built roads which are still alive today after 60 years. In fact, Tema Motorway is still the best stretch of road in Ghana as we speak and it was built by Nkrumah.
The Colonial administration that ruled and exploited Ghana intentionally deprived the people of Northern parts of Ghana an access to education or any kind of development in order to force the people living in this areas to move to the Middle and Southern belts of Ghana for free labour. This was a strategy to divide the country so to create enmity among the locals in order that they cannot see themselves as one people or people of equals in order not to unite to fight the colonial exploitation. Knowing this, Kwame Nkrumah open up free eduction to those of us in the Northern belt of Ghana who have suffered such a grave discrimination and exploitation to help us recover when he assumed office as a president.
Again, Kwame Nkrumah built a gigantic African Line Hostel and dedicated this building to serve as a free housing for all African Freedom fighters who seek safety in Ghana. Today, this building has been converted and it is being used as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration of Ghana.
Kwame Nkrumah did all these and so many others for Ghana and Africa at large without building a single structure of house or home for himself. In fact, Kwame Nkrumah has no house built by himself either in Ghana or Abroad. His only house is the 6 feet land on which he was buried on and the monument which was built in his honor. Yet, he built so much for many generations which we are still enjoying.
The Today's politicians run the state and make losses, they leave huge debt for today and future generations while at the same time profitably running their private business and declaring gains for their families.
Kwame Nkrumah is gone but his spirit and good intentions live on.
Rest In Power, Nkrumah never dies.

 

The Bank says COVID-19 crisis is driving up Nigeria's poverty rate, pushing more than 5 million additional people into poverty by 2022.

The World Bank has said that the number of poor Nigerians is projected to hit 95.1 million in 2022.

The bank made this known in its poverty assessment report titled 'A Better Future for All Nigerians: 2022 Nigeria Poverty Assessment'.

The report noted that COVID-19 crisis is driving up Nigeria's poverty rate, pushing more than 5 million additional people into poverty by 2022.

With real per capita GDP growth being negative in all sectors in 2020, the bank said poverty is projected to have deepened for the current poor, while those households that were just above the poverty line prior to the COVID-19 crisis would be likely to fall into poverty.

"Were the crisis not to have hit (the counterfactual scenario), the poverty headcount rate would be forecast to remain virtually unchanged, with the number of poor people set to rise from 82.9 million in 2018/19 to 85.2 million in 2020 and 90.0 million in 2022, due largely to natural population growth," the bank said.

"Given the effects of the crisis, however, the poverty headcount rate is instead projected to jump from 40.1 per cent in 2018/19 to 42.0 per cent in 2020 and 42.6 per cent in 2022, implying that the number of poor people was 89.0 million in 2020 and would be 95.1 million in 2022. Taking the difference between these two scenarios, the crisis alone is projected to have driven an additional 3.8 million Nigerians into poverty in 2020, with an additional 5.1 million living in poverty by 2022."

Last year, President Muhammadu Buhari claimed that his government lifted 10.5 million Nigerians out of poverty between 2019 and 2021, but a PREMIUM TIMES' fact-check found the claim to be untrue.

Declining Growth

The report noted that Nigeria's growth performance was declining even before the COVID-19 crisis.

Between 2000 and 2014, it noted that Nigeria enjoyed a period of sustained expansion, during which the economy grew by around 7 percent per year, outstripping the estimated annual population growth rate of 2.6 percent. Yet real GDP growth dropped to 2.7 percent in 2015, then -1.6 percent in 2016, as the decline in global oil prices induced Nigeria's first recession in almost two decades.

"Growth has not recovered subsequently," the bank said.

"It lies below population growth and the growth performance of peer countries over the same period. This weakening overall growth performance makes it significantly harder to reduce poverty."

The World Bank added that Nigeria's dependence on oil exports is one of the leading causes of its frail growth prospects, and it may also prevent any growth from being broad-based. In 2019, while oil represented just 10 percent of GDP, oil accounted for more than 80 percent of Nigeria's total exports.

"Indeed, this has been true in every year since the 1970s," the bank argued, noting that it leaves Nigeria's economy extremely exposed to movements in global oil production and global oil prices. Despite oil's importance for exports, extractive industries are not a large employer in Nigeria, the bank said.

"This means any growth due to oil production would not necessarily be shared among workers and households: less than 1 percent of working Nigerians are employed in mining and extractives, with the share being even smaller among those from poor households," it noted.

 

 

 

Nairobi — An innovative bed net that immobilises mosquitoes by making them unable to move or fly, has the potential to significantly reduce malaria infection in children, according to trial data analysis.

Malaria is a leading cause of illness and death in many developing countries, with young children and pregnant women most affected. In 2020 it killed 627,000 people, and 96 per cent of those deaths occurred in Africa, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates.

While traditional insecticides kill the mosquito by poisoning its nervous system, a new net laced with chlorfenapyr insecticide causes wing muscle cramps which stop the mosquito from flying, meaning it starves to death, says the study published in The Lancet.

"By essentially 'grounding' the mosquito, our work on adding chlorfenapyr to standard pyrethroid nets has great potential to control malaria transmitted by resistant mosquitoes in Africa," says Jacklin Mosha, a senior researcher at the National Institute for Medical Research in Mwanza, Tanzania, and lead author of the study.

Insecticide-treated mosquito nets have been the main form of malaria prevention in the past decade in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the most effective, according to the WHO. It says they accounted for more than two thirds of an estimated 663 million malaria cases averted in the region between 2001 and 2015 as a result of key malaria control interventions.

But growing resistance to pyrethroids - the insecticide usually used to impregnate bed nets - in malaria vectors is threatening this achievement.

"Our study shows that for the first time in over 40 years, another class of insecticide [chlorfenapyr] is safe to use on bed nets and more effective to prevent malaria, and halves malaria cases compared to current standard practice which is the pyrethroid insecticide mosquito nets," said Moshe.

The researchers carried out a two-year randomised trial involving 39,000 households, in the Misungwi district of Tanzania's Mwanza region where high levels of resistance to pyrethroids have been reported.

They enrolled 4,500 children aged six months to 14 years and divided them into four groups, with three groups receiving one of three new types of bed net and one group receiving standard mosquito nets. The children were then tested for malaria at the end of each rainy season.

"After 24 months, malaria infection was reduced by 37 per cent in children that received the chlorfenapyr insecticide nets compared to those receiving the standard pyrethroid nets," Mosha told SciDev.Net

 

 

 

 

 

A baker in Yaounde is making bread from sweet potato flour. And it is a relief for his consumers who are increasingly finding bread made from wheat flour pricey .

Guy Marcel Nganta, with his big, colorful hat screwed on his head, has been making baguettes with sweet potato, cassava, and other legumes flour for 13 years in Yaoundé. A godsend for this small baker now that in Cameroon, as elsewhere, the war in Ukraine is making wheat supplies more expensive.

From the outside, there is no sign of his little shop - four exposed cinder block walls topped by a corrugated iron roof - below a road in the working-class neighborhood of Nkolndongo. But it is still full and, since Russia invaded Ukraine more than a month ago, his customers, whom he supplies only on order, have increased from about twenty to about fifty, according to him.

A sweet smell escapes from a small rudimentary bread oven. The craftsman kneads, kneaded, and molds bread made only with food "made in Cameroon", says Guy Marcel proudly.

Cameroon, like many other countries on the continent or elsewhere, is affected by the war between Russia and Ukraine, respectively the first and fourth-largest exporter of wheat in the world, a commodity whose prices soar since the beginning of the war.

Russia was accused Tuesday before the UN Security Council of having caused a "global food crisis", even to run the risk of "famine" throughout the world, with its war in Ukraine, the "breadbasket of Europe".

 

Word to the ear

The 44-year-old baker's bread has the same appearance as that made with wheat flour, but it is heavier and more consistent in the mouth. And the taste, slightly sweet.

"I do very well with local flour," Nganta says. Because if he cannot sell his baguette more expensive or cheaper than his competitors because of a price fixed by the state, at least their production cost is lower and therefore his profits are higher.

He claims to earn between 50 and 60 CFA francs (7 to 9 euro cents) for each baguette, while the wheat baguette earns only 40. The price of 50 kg of wheat flour has risen from 19,000 CFA francs (about 30 euros) in 2021, to 24,000 francs today, or 36 euros, compared to 20,000 francs (nearly 30 euros) for sweet potato flour and 17,500 (about 26 euros) for cassava.

It is word of mouth that has allowed the artisan baker to see his clientele more than double in recent weeks.

"The taste is really different for bread made in Cameroon and it fills the belly more," enthuses Lewis Ateba, an electrical engineer who leaves the shop with several baguettes.

In this vast central African country of about 25 million people, a quarter of whom live in extreme poverty according to the World Bank, the price of a baguette had been imposed by the state at 125 CFA francs (20 euro cents) for the past 13 years, but it rose to 150 francs (23 euro cents) on March 16, almost 20% more expensive, which immediately provoked discontent and concern.

 

 

 

Kenya's top court ruled Thursday that President Uhuru Kenyatta's bid to change the constitution was illegal, dealing a blow to him and his allies ahead of key elections in August.

"The president cannot initiate constitutional amendments or changes through popular initiative under article 257 of the constitution," six of the seven judges overseeing the case at the Supreme Court said, ruling against Kenyatta's proposal to expand the executive.

But the court left open the possibility for the reforms -- popularly known as the Building Bridges Initiative (BBI) -- to be instituted by parliament or through other means, so long as the president did not have a hand in the changes.

The reforms would have been the biggest change to Kenya's political system since the introduction of a new constitution in 2010.

The initiative has left the East African nation's political elite divided.

Kenyatta had argued that the change would make politics more inclusive and help end repeated cycles of election violence.

Thursday's decision came after the High Court and Court of Appeal ruled against the proposed amendments last year.

The appeals court even said Kenyatta could be sued in a civil court for launching the process.

But the Supreme Court ruled against this idea.

"Civil proceedings cannot be instituted in any court against the president or the person performing the functions of the office of the president during their tenure of office in respect of anything done or not done under the constitution," it declared.

 

BBI's detractors -- including Kenyatta's estranged deputy William Ruto, who is running for the top job in August -- say the plan is a little more than a naked grab for power by a two-term president who cannot run a third time.

The timing of the reforms spurred speculation in recent years that Kenyatta is seeking to remain in power by establishing the post of prime minister as part of the BBI.

United Nations-commissioned investigators on Wednesday painted a grim picture for migrants in Libya, just days after they said they were seeking to verify the presence of mass graves at a human trafficking centre in the country's northwest.

Chief investigator Mohamed Auajjar said the group documented "consistent patterns of serious human rights violations" against migrants in government-run detention centres and trafficking hubs.

Libya has in recent years emerged as a popular, if extremely dangerous, route toward Europe for those fleeing poverty and conflict in Africa and the Middle East.

The North African nation plunged into turmoil following the NATO-backed 2011 uprising that toppled and killed long-time leader Moammar Gadhafi.

In the northwestern town of Bani Walid, the investigators, commissioned by the U.N.'s top human rights body, found that "migrants were held captive, murdered, tortured and raped."

They said in the report that at least eight migrants spoke about mass graves in the town, something the investigators said they needed to verify. Auajjar told the Human Rights Council that they were also examining the existence of secret detention facilities including some controlled by armed militias.

The investigators said in an October report that they had evidence of possible crimes against humanity and war crimes in Libya. Many of the alleged crimes, they say, were committed against civilians and migrants detained in the country while trying to get to Europe.

 

Germany stops training Libya’s coast guard

Hundreds of thousands of migrants hoping to reach Europe have made their way in recent years through Libya, where a lucrative trafficking and smuggling business has flourished.

They pack desperate migrants into ill-equipped rubber boats, then embark on risky voyages across the Mediterranean Sea. Many of those who have been intercepted and returned to Libya — including women and children — are held in government-run detention centres where they suffer from abuse, including torture, rape and extortion, according to rights groups.

Germany on Wednesday announced it will stop training Libya’s coast guard because of concerns about its treatment of migrants. "The German government cannot currently justify the training of the Libyan coast guard by German soldiers in view of the repeated unacceptable behavior by individual units of the Libyan coast guard toward refugees and migrants," Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Andrea Sasse said.

The announcement came as the German government agreed to extend its participation in the European Union naval mission Operation Irini, aimed at enforcing the U.N. arms embargo on Libya.

A confidential report by the head of Operation Irini, obtained earlier this year by The Associated Press, acknowledged "excessive use of force" by Libyan authorities but called for the training program to continue.

Operation Irini itself has been criticized for not doing enough to save migrants at sea, despite conducting extensive monitoring in the area including with German maritime surveillance aircraft. Without elaborating, Sasse said Berlin had information that in at least two cases, the Libyan coast gurard had acted in a "completely unacceptable and illegal manner."

Humanitarian groups have long complained the migrants returned to Libya are sent to detention centers, where they face extortion, torture, and trafficking.

 
 

 

South Africa's judiciary has rejected former President Jacob Zuma's appeals to further delay his corruption trial due to resume in April, the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) said Thursday.

"The NPA welcomes this ruling and will now work to ensure that the trial resumes on April 11, 2022," it said in a statement.

The 79-year-old former head of state is accused of taking bribes from French defense group Thales in a case that is more than 20 years old. He is charged with 16 counts of fraud, corruption and racketeering. Thales is also charged with bribery and money laundering.

Mr. Zuma's corruption trial began last year in May, after numerous postponements and delays due to a number of appeals.

In an unreviewable decision, of which AFP has a copy, the Supreme Court of Appeal ruled that Zuma's claims have "no reasonable prospect of success on appeal and that there are no other compelling reasons for an appeal to be heard".

In October, the court rejected the former president's request that the attorney general, Billy Downer, whom he accuses of bias, be removed from the case. Jacob Zuma asked the Supreme Court of Appeal to rule on his ability to appeal the decision and filed four appeals. All were dismissed.

In another development, Jacob Zuma was sentenced to 15 months in prison for stubbornly refusing to appear before a commission investigating state corruption under his presidency (2009-2018).

His imprisonment in July triggered an unprecedented wave of violence and looting in South Africa. He was released on health grounds two months into his sentence.

Angola announced on Thursday the suspension of salaries of striking doctors, who represent the vast majority of the profession in the country and have been demanding better working conditions for ten days.

"We will not pay the salaries of the strikers," said Labor Minister Teresa Dias at a press conference.

Most of the country's approximately 5,600 doctors joined the movement last week for the second time in four months, but some are providing essential services.

The doctors' union called the strike after 20 children died in a single day at a pediatric hospital in the capital Luanda. The deaths were caused by a shortage of medicines and medical equipment, according to the organization's president, Adriano Manuel, who was fired for raising the alarm.

The government has conceded a 6% increase in basic salaries, which is "insufficient", Miguel Sebastiao, the union's secretary general, told AFP.

Doctors denounce hospitals in lack of material, medicines, and accuse the government of building new establishments without providing staff.

"The emergencies, intensive care units, all these services continue to function," said Sebastiao.

Angola is rich in natural resources but a large part of its population lives below the poverty line despite the oil windfall.

The rate of doctors per capita is lower there than in Haiti or Afghanistan, according to the World Bank

The Minority Leader in Parliament, Haruna Iddrisu, and two other legislators from the minority side, have filed a suit at the Supreme Court with the aim of invalidating the passage of the Electronic Transfer Levy (E-Levy) by Parliament last Tuesday.

Mr Iddrisu, Mahama Ayariga, MP for Bawku Central, and Samuel Okudzeto Ablakwa, MP for North Tongu, are asking the court to declare the proceedings and the voting in Parliament that led to the passage of the E-Levy unconstitutional, null, void and of no effect.

The plaintiffs are further seeking an order from the highest court of the land setting aside the passage of the E-Levy.

It is the contention of the three legislators that Parliament did not form the required quorum for decision making as stipulated under Article 104(1) of the 1992 Constitution which was recently interpreted by the Supreme Court in the case of Justice Abdulai v Attorney -General.

The writ filed by their lawyer, Godwin Kudzo Tameklo, is pursuant to Article 2(1) of the 1992 Constitution which allows citizens of the country to file actions regarding alleged violations of the Constitution in the Supreme Court.

 

Passage

Parliament, with the minority staging a walk out last Tuesday, approved the E-Levy paving the way for the government to rake in about GH¢6.9 billion in revenue this year.

The bill, which imposes a 1.5 per cent tax on all electronic and mobile money transfers, was approved by 137 Majority Members of Parliament (MPs).

The rate is a downward revision from the initially proposed 1.75 per cent.
 
Reliefs

The Minority Leader and the other plaintiffs are of the contention that Parliament passed the E-levy with a quorum of 136 MPs instead of the required 138 which would be half of the 275 members as stipulated under Article 104 (1) of the 1992 Constitution.

They are, therefore, seeking a declaration from the apex court that based on Article 104 (1) and the authority of the Supreme Court’s decision in the Justice Abdulai case dated March 9, the constitutional quorum for decision making is “138 MPs (present in the Chamber of Parliament out of the 275 MPs, and not 136 MPs present in the Chamber of Parliament”.

Also, they are seeking a relief that Parliament lacked the required constitutional quorum for decision making when it voted to pass the E-Levy because there were only “136 Members of Parliament present in the Chamber of Parliament”.

They are further seeking a declaration that the purported second and third reading, when the Speaker put the question for the consideration of the E-Levy and the “subsequent passage of the E-Levy is in contravention of Article 104 (1) of the Constitution, and is therefore, null, void and of no effect”.

Another relief being sought by the plaintiffs is an “order setting aside the purported passage of the Electronic Transfer Levy Bill, 2021, by 136 Members of Parliament of the Majority Caucus present in the chamber of Parliament on March 29, 2022 as being unconstitutional, null and void”.

 

 

 

 

 

Source: graphiconline.com

 

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